STUTTGART – A growing season of drought, flood and do-overs may still result in the fourth highest state average yield on record for Arkansas’ rice growers, the nation’s top rice producer.
Jarrod Hardke, extension rice agronomist for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture, said that this “growing season was a mixed bag.”
Arkansas growers planted 1.16 million acres of rice in 2017, down 25 percent from the previous year. Long grain acres declined from 1.41 million acres in 2016 to 995,000 million in 2017. Medium grain acres expanded from 135,000 in 2016 to 165,000 in 2017.
“Our planting progress was the second-fastest on record behind 2012 but was followed by severe flooding affecting hundreds of thousands of acres in late April and early May,” he said. “As a result of this flooding, some fields were lost and had to be replanted, while others lost levees that had to be re-pulled, resulting in loss of production on levees.”
At that point, rice futures exploded even higher, said Scott Stiles, extension economist for the Division of Agriculture.
“The closely followed September contract made its lows for the year in the last week of April — trading as low as $9.65 per hundredweight,” he said. “By mid-September when the contract expired, it had touched $12.76 in its final week of trading. It was a phenomenal run. From the end of April, the September contract closed higher in 14 of the 20 weeks that followed.”
Continued rainfall throughout the spring and summer made timely fertilizer and herbicide applications difficult.
“Despite these difficulties, regular rainfall reduced irrigation costs and improved flood management, and overall mild summer conditions resulted in excellent yields and improved quality compared to recent years,” Hardke said. “The state average yield is likely to be fourth highest on record at 164 bushels per acre or greater. Only 2012, with 166 bushels per acre, 2013’s 168 bushels per acre and 2014’s 168 bushels per acre have been greater.”
“At this point the USDA is optimistic growers will see higher prices for the 2017 crop,” Stiles said.
“Long-grain production is projected to be down 24 percent from last year on lower acreage,” he said. “Ending stocks are expected to tighten considerably from 31 million hundredweight in 2016 to 16.5 million by the end of 2017 marketing year.”
In its December supply/demand report, USDA’s average producer price for 2017 long-grain was projected at $12.10 per hundredweight or $5.45 per bushel.
“That would be up $1.11 from last year’s $4.34 per bushel,” Stiles said.
Details: www.uaex.edu or contact a county extension office.
— Mary Hightower is director of communication services at the U of A System Division of Agriculture.