As rice acreage expands in Arkansas, the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture is working on a research center to enhance production techniques best management practices for the grain in areas north of Interstate 40 and west of Crowley’s Ridge.


“Our immediate need is to have a research farm on the type of soils now home to rice production in northeast Arkansas,” said Mark Cochran, vice president-agriculture, for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture. “Being able to conduct research under conditions similar to our producers north of Interstate 40 and west of Crowley’s Ridge is critical to supporting and enhancing the Arkansas rice industry.”


Production in Stuttgart


The Division of Agriculture now conducts research on rice production in Stuttgart at the Rice Research and Extension Center and at the Northeast Research and Extension Center in Keiser.


“The soils at our Rice Research and Extension Center in Stuttgart are not the same as the mixed soils north of I-40 and west of Crowley’s Ridge; nor are they the same as the heavier clay soils closer to the Mississippi River on which we grow rice at our Northeast Arkansas Research and Extension Center in Keiser.”


Cochran said the land purchased for the center is powered by a $4 million gift from the Arkansas Rice Research Promotion Board and that the division was working on two more gifts to cover facility construction and equipment, as well as an endowment to cover base operating costs. The physical needs for the facility are still under discussion.


Jay Coker of Stuttgart, chairman of the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board, said in addition to addressing the needs of farmers, the center will be a showcase for agriculture and rice in Arkansas.


“The Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board has recognized that there is a need to develop a research station in Northeast Arkansas,” Coker said. “Being able to develop a research farm to address the challenges that the growers and stakeholders in this area face will better allow the U of A System Division of Agriculture to bring forward recommendations and programs that will benefit all rice growers and industry.


“The location of this farm is highly visible and will enable the Division of Agriculture to highlight achievements and awareness of agriculture production, specifically rice production, to the general public who may otherwise never know how cutting-edge, world-class research benefits them as well,” he said.


Northeast Arkansas production


More than 60 percent of Arkansas rice production is in northeast Arkansas, Coker said.


“Its development and funding will enhance and streamline other rice research projects being conducted at the other stations around the state,” Coker said.


Marvin Hare of Newport is a member of the research and promotion board.


“Several billion dollars in the state’s economy are attributed to the rice industry, particularly in northeast Arkansas,” Hare said. “Four of the five top rice counties are right here in Jackson, Poinsett, Lawrence and Cross counties.”


“I’m looking forward to getting it going. The nine farmer members of the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion Board have spent a lot of time in the last few years doing research, and we’ve got the unique opportunity to build a world-class station from the ground up,” he said. “We don’t have to work around any old buildings or an old layout. We have a clean slate. My greatest hope is that we take advantage of that.


“And in 50 years, we hope someone will look back and say ‘those people did a good job in getting this thing started’,” Hare said.


Arkansas is the nation’s top rice grower, producing more than 50 percent of the U.S. crop. In 2016, Arkansas farmers harvested 1.52 million acres of rice with a state average yield of 6,920 pounds per acre. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the farm value of production for rice in Arkansas was valued at $995.2 million.


To learn more about rice production in Arkansas, contact a county extension office or visit http://arkansascrops.com.


The University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture offers all its Extension and Research programs and services without discrimination.


— Mary Hightower is director of Communication Services at the U of A System Division of Agriculture.