LITTLE ROCK (AP) — While some Arkansas cities and towns have seen some of the biggest population drops in the country, others have grown more than anywhere else in the nation, according to new U.S. Census Bureau data.
Pine Bluff and Little Rock are exceptions to the trend of large cities that are seeing growth. Pine Bluff’s population dropped by thousands during the past decade, from 49,083 counted in 2010 to 42,271 estimated in 2018.
Demographers said rural areas continue to shrink as urban areas grow. Economists note it's consistent with more job opportunities in cities, though the census statistics show big cities in the U.S. aren't growing like they used to.
The figures released Thursday indicate that populations in 73 Arkansas cities and towns have declined at least 10% since 2010, the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette reported.
But the state has been above average across the U.S. in population and housing increases. Arkansas has 36 cities and towns in the top 1,000 for population growth, which is higher than all but eight states.
Alison Wright, associate research/extension specialist at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, said the small size of towns in the state may have added to their higher percentage declines.
Largely, the population trend in Arkansas is "distinct areas where the population is growing but the majority of the state is losing population," Wright added.
David Sorto, a research associate at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville's Center for Business and Economic Research, said the places in Arkansas with budding populations have economic opportunities surrounding their major institutions.
Cities flourish when they have major research universities, state government operations, military bases, harbors, "quality infrastructure," or are close to the major economic areas in Arkansas, Sorto noted.