A new report says that Pine Bluff is the most segregated metro area in the country
An estimated 53.9% of the black population of Pine Bluff lives in predominantly black neighborhoods, more than three times the 16.8% national figure, according to a study by 247wallst.com.
Although segregation often exacerbates racial inequality, Pine Bluff is one of America’s poorest cities and has relatively small achievement gaps between white and black neighborhoods.
While nationwide residents of majority-black neighborhoods are 3.4 times more likely to live in poverty as residents of white neighborhoods, in Pine Bluff they are only 1.9 times more likely. Additionally, Pine Bluff is one of only two metro areas in which a larger share of residents have a bachelor’s degree in black neighborhoods than white neighborhoods.
• Black pop. in black neighborhoods: 53.9% (24,523)
• Black population: 48.6% (45,495)
• Black poverty rate: 27.7% (12,623)
• White poverty rate: 13.9% (6,172)
The article states that a majority of the most segregated cities in America are located in the South and Midwest and have large black populations overall.
Louisiana is home to five of the 25 most segregated cities, followed by Georgia with four, and Alabama and Michigan, each with three. In 24 of the 25 most segregated cities, African Americans constitute a larger portion of the population than the 12.7% national share.
247wallst. com’s 25 Most Segregated Cities in America
1. Pine Bluff
2. Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Michigan
3. Albany, Georgie
4. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin
5. Niles-Benton Harbor, Michigan
6. Memphis, Tennessee
7. Jackson, Mississippi
8. Monroe, Louisiana
9. Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio
10. Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, Maryland
11. Macon, Georgia
12. Lake Charles, Louisiana
13. Birmingham-Hoover, Alabama
14. Shreveport-Bossier City, Louisiana
15. New Orleans-Metairie, Louisiana
16. St. Louis, Missouri
17. Mobile, Alabama
18. Flint, Michigan
19. Columbus, Georgia
20. Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wisconsin
21. Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, New York
22. Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Georgia
23. Baton Rouge, Louisiana
24. Montgomery, Alabama
25. Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland
To identify America’s most segregated cities, 24/7 Wall St. calculated the percentage of a metropolitan area’s black residents who live in majority black census tracts — statistical subdivisions with an average of about 4,000 people. The greater the share of black metro residents living in the area’s racially homogenous neighborhoods, the greater the degree of segregation.
“We only considered census tracts with at least 500 residents,” a news release said. “Population data are based on five-year estimates through 2017 from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. For the purpose of this story, we only considered segregation of white and black populations.
“We also reviewed median household income, poverty rates, educational attainment rates, unemployment rates, and homeownership rates among black and white populations in each metro area from the ACS. All data are five-year estimates.”
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